Cancer Treatments | AkinMed Cancer treatment Turkey

Cancer Treatment

Cancer Treatment Turkey

In cancer treatment, in which the main goal is to return the patient to a normal life system after the diagnosis of cancer, complete treatment may not always be possible, at least reducing the complaints by reducing cancer or stopping its growth.

Cancer treatments definitions

  • Primary treatment; The complete removal of cancer tissue from the body is the destruction of all cancer cells. Although different methods can be used in primary treatment, the main one is surgical treatment. The primary treatment for existing cancer sensitive to radiotherapy or chemotherapy is used in these methods.
  • Adjuvant treatment; It is the treatment performed to destroy the cancer cells remaining in the body after primary treatment and to ensure that cancer does not recur. Chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and hormone therapy are generally used as adjuvant therapy.

Neoadjuvant therapy, on the other hand, is the method used before the primary treatment with similar methods to increase the effectiveness of the treatment and to provide easier treatment.

  • Palliative treatment; It is a treatment method used to reduce the main complaints and symptoms related to cancer and to reduce the side effects of treatment. Surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, or hormone therapy can be used. It can be used in some additional medicines to provide comfort in life to reduce pain and relieve shortness of breath.

Palliative therapy can be used concurrently with other cancer treatments.

Cancer Treatment Methods

As is known, there are many cancer treatments, which one to use is decided according to the type and stage of cancer, the general health status of the patient, and the patient’s priorities. The doctor and the patient should determine which treatment will be used by evaluating the benefits and risks together.

Cancer treatment options

  • Surgery; It is done to remove the cancerous tissue completely or in the greatest amount.
  • Chemotherapy; They are drugs used to kill cancer cells.
  • Radiation therapy; is the killing of cancerous cells in the body by using high-power energy beams such as X-rays or protons, known as radiotherapy.

Radiation therapy can be given to the body externally (external beam) with special machines, or it can be performed with specially manufactured products placed inside the body (brachytherapy).

  • Bone marrow transplantation; bone marrow is the system within the bone that produces blood cells from blood stem cells. Bone marrow transplant, stem cell transplant can be done from your bone marrow or a donor. It enables higher doses of chemotherapy drugs to be given.
  • Immunotherapy; Also known as biological therapy, uses the body’s own defense system. Immunotherapy allows the immune system to recognize the cancerous cell as an enemy and fight it.
  • Hormone therapy; our hormones have supported some types of cancer such as breast cancer and prostate cancer, they supply cancer cells reproduction and growth. Reducing hormones or blocking their effects stops the growth of this type of cancer.
  • Targeted drug therapy; It is the use of drugs for cellular disorders that ensure the survival of cancer cells.
  • Cryoablation; It is the killing of cancer cells by giving regional cold. It is made with fine needles called cryoprobe inserted directly into the cancerous tissue from the skin. A gas is introduced into the tissue from the needle to freeze the tissue. To be effective, it is repeated several times during the treatment session.
  • Radiofrequency ablation; This method aims to kill the cells by heating. Again, the skin is inserted through a needle or a small incision and transmitted to the area with high energy radiofrequency cancer through a thin needle channel, the surrounding tissue is heated and the cells are killed.

Clinical trials; Many clinical experimental studies are carried out to find new, more effective, and less harmful treatment methods for cancer treatment.