Obesity Treatments Turkey - AkinMed Health Group

Obesity Treatments

Obesity Treatments Turkey

Nowadays, obesity is very common, because of unhealthy food and a motionless lifestyle. Genetically reasons, some medicines and illnesses also may cause obesity. Body mass index (BMI) is the measure of obesity. According to the weight and the height of the person, the BMI is calculated.

Obesity causes very serious illnesses, like heart disease, type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, and cancer. Besides it is not about looking, 4 million people die every year in the world, because of overweight. Ironically, obesity is going up each year in the low and middle-income countries, too. 

How is obesity classified?

The following table shows the classification of weight based on BMI:

BMI Considered
Below 18.5 Underweight
18.5 to 24.9 Healthy weight
25.0 to 29.9 Overweight
30 or higher Obese
40 or higher Class 3 Obese

What Are the Reasons of Obesity?

  • Psychological Reasons: Researches show us that, people is much more inclined to be obese, when they are in stress, anxious or depressed.
  • Sleeping Problems: The people who sleeps too much have more weight than who sleeps less. There is direct proportion between them.
  • Genetic Factors: As most health problem, the genetic factors have an influential role in obesity.
  • Calorie Balance: When calories we gain from foods much more than we lose with exercise, we put on weight. If it becomes our routine, the obesity becomes unavoidable.
  • Hormones: Hunger and fullness hormones has a big influence on obesity.
  • Environmental Reasons: Social media, commercials on TV/internet make us want everything to eat, especially the fast food have high calories.

Obesity (Bariatric/Metabolic) Surgery

Obesity surgeries are suggested that only if the patient has class 3 obesity or the BMI is greater than 35. In that cases the professional bariatric/metabolic surgeons decide the best method, according to patient. The latest research about surgical and laparoscopic techniques are considered to choose the best method.

The current methods in bariatric surgery are:

  • Gastric Bypass: This is a very affective laparoscopic method. The big part of the stomach is deactivated in this surgery and the time of digestion in the intestines is getting decreased. After the surgery, the patient consumes less food. In long term it causes significant weight loss. Also the healing process is not long after surgery. In one or two hours the patient is able to walk and in a week it is possible to do the works does not need effort.
  • Sleeve Gastrectomy: It is similar to gastric bypass with providing to have less food. Sleeve gastrectomy is also a laparoscopic surgery method. Approximately 80 percent of the stomach is removed and the rest of the stomach is like a banana. In this surgery no objects is required to put in the body.

What Are the Risks of Surgery?

Bariatric Surgery is not suggested to people who has just a few over weight. It is useful for losing a lot of weight for the people who has more than 35 BMI and has healthy problems like type 2 diabetes.  Like every surgery there are some risks of obesity surgeries:

  • With this surgery, your stomach is making smaller and that’s why you need lees food. But, if you don’t go on diet you may start to get weight again.
  • Losing extreme weight in a short time may cause some problems about appearance of your body. Some sagging may happen on your skin.
  • In some cases, the patient may have kidney stone as the side effect of the surgery.
  • This surgery also may cause some complications, like ulcers, undernourishment (anorexia) and as the worst death.

It is possible to minimize the risks with consulting everything about your health to your doctor. Also, you need to choose healthy lifestyle after surgery.